Vitrine 1 - A local island in the global wine sea
Wine came to Germany with the Romans. The first records of winegrowing
in the Württemberg region date from the 8 th century, and in 1108 Stuttgart
vineyards were mentioned in a death register at Blaubeuren Abbey as a
donation »vineas in Stutgarten«.
Today around 7.5 million hectares of the earth’s surface are vineyards,
which amounts to 0.6 percent of arable land. Wine production is estimated
to have reached 260 million hectoliters, with Germany contributing over
100,000 hectares of vineyards and over nine million hectoliters.
In the Württemberg region alone, just under 11,500 hectares are planted
with vines. With its 430 hectares of vineyards, Stuttgart is a small island
in the global wine sea.
The globally mass production, indeed overproduction of wine is growing
so fast that it has caused tastes to become bland, a uniformity of varieties and
a watered-down viniculture. In Württemberg however, the soils, grape
varieties and landscape continue to be unmistakable. Here wines still bear the
characteristic signature of the »Wengerters«, as vintners are known in
the regional dialect. They have developed, with the emergence of the global
challenge, a new quality consciousness that makes them competitive and
economically viable in a changing world of wine.